Brazil City

the only city of the interior of Brazil, not capital of State, that became headquarters of an agency of leadership of the process of industrialization of the country, the Federacy of the Industries of the State of the Paraba? FIEP. (RASP, 1999, P. 125) Thus, in the year of 1959, the city was the headquarters of the I Meeting of the Bishops northeast, event carried through with the purpose to find alternatives for the dinamizao and the development of the region. To cure the problems that afflicted the Northeast, the federal government it offered tax incentives to implement the development of the region. She was servant, in 15 of December of 1960, the SUDENE and from together created with the agency the necessary conditions so that the dynamic center of the Northeast region, exporting and before primary, was substituted there by the industrial sector, for where they had been canalized the investment of the Federal Government. Offering easinesses not verified in other cities, Great Campina strategically obtained to at the beginning attract new industries of the decade of 60 of century XX, benefiting of the agency just-servant as it detached the historian Damio de Lima in the period understood between 1961 and 1965: They had been approved by the SUDENE, for Great Campina, 9 projects, being 5 of implantation of new industries and 4 of modernization of the existing industries already. Between these projects, two deserve prominence: the Project of Implantation of the Campina Great Industrial Ltda CANDE, producer of plastic pipes e, mainly, the Project of Implantation of the NORTHEAST WALLIG S/A, company of great transport, producer of stoves the liquefeito gas.

(RASP, 1999, P. 126) in history the secondary sector For the first time surpassed the tertiary campinense, employed more 16. 300 people at the beginning of the decade of 60 of century XX. Industrialization was seen as the panacea for the social problems of the city.


The images are several with which the city of Parnamirim if makes remembered: the urban and agricultural Church of Santana, families, towns, farms and its environments in which it was custom to have annual celebrations and parties as the Parties of Are Joo, Parties of July, Vaquejadas, Passover, Christmas, New Year and Carnival. Beyond the first families who represented the cultural life of Parnamirim, already cited in previous chapters, also it has the agricultural places that, in the past, very they had been commented: the farms and properties that had always had prominence for being addresses of picnics, excursions and vacation of students of the region. Beyond these farms and towns of Angicos, Caiara and Poo of Fumo, rivers and streams of the Well of the Door and Barrage of the Brgida, next to the headquarters to the city, they had other places for where was custom of children and grandsons of the pioneers to come back of the capital in vacation. Among these they are still distinguished Humait, Belmonte, Quixad, Mandassaia, Spring, Quixaba, Palestine, Canafstula, Sipaba, Surubim, Timbaba, Are Joaquin, Are Domingos, Guarani and Farm of the Pear trees, these last most distant ones of the headquarters, in the direction of the New Land city. In the urban zone of Parnamirim, some commercial establishments that before had in the main streets, today are only souvenirs or possess other names, such as: the Store of Z Magalhes, the Market of Manoel Lopes, the Restaurant of Elcira, the Coffee of Anazite and the Bar of Give, points that symbolized the nocturnal urban life of the 1962 city the 1972.

Showing its resistance, the only store that still if finds, in the same place, ampler and brought up to date it is the Store of Lurdes Owner Rasp. However, the public places of functioning of the public agencies and building, such as: City hall, Public Library, schools and pharmacy, as well as squares, gardens, hotels, restaurants, bars, road and dams, which are part only of the memory of some. Everything moved of place, even though the building of colonial architecture that represented the memory of the city more does not exist. But it remains the souvenir of the Club Recreativo Bosom that started to be school and today it holds the Secretariat of Education and the Public Library. The Clubs Dawn and the Palhoa still receive the livened up ones from the city in festive occasions, however, although what it exists, perceive that it lacks the preservation notion and the incautiousness for the common wealth, beyond the absence of commitment in conserving the historicidade of these environments, these factors are capable to erase monuments, erasing lives, with the danger to lose the cultural identity and to signal for the threat to have that to recriar a reference any as history.

Historical Construction

But in the truth this settling did not bring benefits for they, therefore the indians had been expulsos of its lands, taking off all its rights. The didactic books do not show the other side of the annihilating settling, it aim at it shows the parts of conquests, of the huge and glorious moments, the miscegenation that had after the contact as the black and the indian in the period of slavery. It is possible to see the influence of the marxists in history, through its theoretical chains that the society took to reflect the spaces existing its return, something that remained throughout the centuries. We perceive the presence of the positivista and tecnicista education that aims at an objective education, direct of fast formation of people who if prepare for the demands of the markets of works. Therefore in the present time few changes had occurred, therefore each time more the people if prepare for the competition and qualification of the work demands existing, searching the capital, primordial factor of the social reality, politics and economy of our society. In the present time we can notice that the school is a way of construction of social identities, that if destines to the intention to place the main values of a society in emphasis. However we notice difficulties in the implantation of such ideas in the schools; therefore we do not perceive the desire of the pupils in the search of the concretion of the national values. Thus it is clearly the importance of history, in the transferences of information, a primordial factor in the development of the society, that obtained to orient through data politicians, social and religious, a study of behaviors of the past, which are reflected in the daily life.

The history education is favorable for construction of critical and constructive a society, that obtained to identify to the ruptures and paradigm in addition in the o process of development of its nationality, of the social environment where it lives, of facts that must be considered excellent in the maintenance of the order of social group. From this fact we notice the importance of history as something of great value in transformation of the cultural space. In way to the historical construction the historian has the paper to transfer and to fix the identities, through pedagogical and didactic methods; becoming essential in the formation of individuals that at least has the citizenship notion; having the conscience of its duties and rights which had later contributed for the identification of its native land or nation that for happiness remains as reflected through the times. However the time is not something basic, in this process, thus notices that we do not need to worry about the chronological spaces placing in I exaggerate, as something vital in the history that is present in its evolution and construction of a permanent identity. Therefore it is visible that the historical landmarks and the metamorphoses that the societies had suffered throughout the centuries; something basic in the construction and formularization of our nation, been it and of the present pertaining to school education is in the present time.

Urban Culture

One gives credit that the urban culture, literally speaking, is characterized for the partner-cultural and individualistic disorganization. It is known, however, that the urban social culture did not move total, but the requirements of the modern world were only adaptaram. However, in Brazil, the phenomena as paternalista and the clientelismo to adaptarem it of course the world urban-industrial, coexisting the impersonal relations. The relation between master and customer aims at the interest in getting valued goods, favors and protection politics, that the position of both the parts can favor to the other. It is there that a type of dependent capitalism inhabits, where ' ' tradicional' ' ' ' moderno' ' if they articulate and they develop a new type of society under form different, however combined. Another type of survival observed in the countries of Latin America is the use of the reciprocity. This functions of form to benefit the relations of exchange of goods and services between equal.

This method is well different of the relation master/customer, where master uses itself of its relatives and known to create a means of production. In a reciprocity net (between equal) the exchange depends very on the sociability between the family-member-neighbors who are used inside interchange of it reciprocal. They are some of them: information, working aid, loans, services and moral support. However, in what customer says respect to the relations master/, the net possesss a mechanism that is used by any enterprising member to reach its ends and to reach the collective progress of the group. However, if it does not have to think that the reciprocity is only concentrated in the low classrooms. The high classrooms also are used of reciprocity mechanisms. No longer Brazil observes it importance of such methods as the celebrity ' ' panelinha' ' ' ' Q.I.' ' (Who Indicates as well as), that sufficiently they are used by the middle class to obtain job in public or private nets, for the resolution of problems.

These relationships are of great importance for the classroom average. The results indicate that, in contrast of what it thought, the forecast of that the urbanization ' ' it would weaken the bows of kinships and it would be the decline of the meaning social of famlia' ' , it was not marked. Different of what it was foreseen, the familiar bows had inside become stronger with the urbanization, being an institution of great importance and meaning in Latin America, playing great functions of the social structure. Exactly that the processes of urbanization and industrialization have occurred, the relations between master-customer and of reciprocity did not weaken. The exchange of information, the mutual aid and the moral support, continue being half to establish extensive bows between each one of these two types of nets.

Brazil Workforce

The deep changes that we have lived deeply, especially in the last few decades, from an intense accumulation of the financial and speculative capital, favoring the introduction of new technologies, had provoked a deep crisis in the diligent classroom, creating innovative forms of exploration. If of a side, at a first moment, the machine contributed with the Brazilian laborer, for another one sees the substitution of the human work for machines, in the majority of the productive processes, consequently generating the closing of diverse ranks of work. Today, one knows that what is in game, it is the capacity of the diligent classroom if to keep inside operating of syndical organizations. When analyzing all the vindicative fight of the Brazilian work force, we perceive that many conquests had been gotten, but today, a still bigger fight is necessary so that the worker can remain itself in the work. When analyzing the period of the one after Second War, we verify a fast economic growth, but we perceive that this growth did not reflect of proportional form in the improvement of the conditions of life of the majority of the Brazilian population, for the opposite, the result of this politics has been the increase of the unemployment in our country. Into the end of century XIX, many immigrants changedded themselves all into great industrials in the country. The Hering Brothers, craftsmen, Germans emigrated in 1878, had mounted its weaving in Blumenau, in 1914, and had also created a wiring extending the number of laborers and the production of the group. In Joinville, Karl Doehler inaugurated the first fabric industry of Santa Catarina; the textile company Union Manufacter, established for Rheingantz in 1874, already possua, in 1896, three plants in the Rio Grande Do Sul, using a total of 900 laborers.

Capital Port Old Region

This agreement a little forgotten by history, received name from Treat to Madrid, and was Important for Brazil, therefore all region North and Center-West of the country, at that time belonged to Spain. Oliveira (2002) in accordance with says that the treat one to Tordesilhas, the region where if they locate the valleys of the Guapor, Mamor and Madeira, they belonged to Spain, to put, the So Paulo bandeirantes had busy this region in century XVIII, from 1734, where they had established you vary populations in the neighborhoods of garimpos of gold, despertando interest in the Portuguese Crown for the definitive ownership of the land, what it occurred in 1748 with the creation of the captainship of the Mato Grosso. Thus with the treated one to Madrid, the Portuguese had been able with the region, that had a colossal extension, enclosing the area where today this situated been o of the Mato Grosso of the South, Mato Grosso and almost all the area that currently constitutes the state of Rondnia. Thus he had a race for the population of the right edge of the valleys of the Guapor, Mamor and Madeira. e your knowledge. The current rondoniense territory started to be busy for the Europeans from 1723, with the foundation of the Village De Santo Antonio, for the Jesuit Priest Sampayo Joo in the neighborhoods of the waterfall of the same name to the right edge of the river Wood, and with the gold discovery in 1744, in the river corumbiara, tributary of the edge of the right of the river Guapor, for the So Paulo bandeirantes Antonio de Almeida Moraes and Tristo of the Stammering Wedge (OLIVEIRA, 2002, P.42) the village of Saint Antonio, years later was called Saint Antonio of the River Wood, (currently the place constitutes a quarter ofthe Capital Port Old). On the povoamento of the region, we cannot forget us Dom Antonio Rolim de Moura, who according to Lopes (2005, P.16) ' ' in the year of 1749 it arrived of fluvial boat, in the mouth of the river Sepotuba with the river Paraguay, little above of where today is the city of Cceres? MT' '.

The Population

they concurred for the task to interpret for the population place, ' ' novidades' ' of the time. For example, the first ones wanted a diletante club, of parties and would honor; ' ' put literatos' ' they wanted the debate, the leaf printed and the mood against what they denounced delay of the Country and the population. Galhofa that it seemed to intimidate the established ones and that became them ferinos in the critical one the bohemian customs, relating this style of life to ' ' putrefao moral' '. Reactionary seduction of the established ones that they coexisted, for the moralista approach with the great modern impasses, even so, in the Europe, similar sorts the aristocrats and bohemians if collated in the premessengers who the Belle poque nervously procurve to dissimulate, forgetting the threats the continental war, them totalitarismos and of the barbarity that went up to around the European civilization and its decanted progress latent. It was decanted, however, the modern myth that Science made to unclasp in the beliefs of many intellectuals when attending machines and great cities to transform the landscape into less of one generation. In counterpart, the sensation of impotence ahead of history, that is romantically defended ' ' master of vida' ' e, then, did not obtain to follow this weak and wild time.

it created this feeling of moral impotence. However, the time of the speed and the discovery that assumed, mainly, the notice spread quickly in the body of the texts printed matters, ahead made possible the daily confrontation of ideas and position of ' ' novidades' ' that they came of the capital of the Country or distant lands. The periodic ones improvised that appeared where want that if surrounding scholars spread and the latent conflict between the romanesca erudio and the modernity of pasquim jocoso and deleterious is examples of this moment of strikes of deep moralista, literary politician and.