In this year of 2011 complete Brazil 189 years of independence of Portugal having in this tried period good situations and many not so good. In these almost two hundred years the country passed of a peripheral nation and without no expression of the economic point of view, social politician and for a country that is ready to be one of the protagonists of the world-wide economy in the next years. It is a country that left of being agrarian to have an industry respected with the job of technologies of most advanced and with the sector of services representing two teros of the GIP and also using technologies and highly qualified hand of workmanship. But our people is living better in all the country? The respect to the people has been practised in our country? The morality in the management of the public resources has been practised systematically in all the country? Since the announcement of independence, Brazil offered improvement of life to its people, exactly having faced periods of turbulences as the dictatorships Vargas and Militar, to have suffered diverse economic crises, the lack of private capital to alavancar an independent economic growth of the foreign capital and the constant problems of external indebtedness leading to many constaints for which the country passed. Still that the State did not hear the critical ones and invested heavily in the creation of industries that could lead to the development at the same time where it made possible the installation of some industries of foreign capital well. This, together with the private internal capitals and other actions of economic policy, provided to the end of the years 1990 terms a strong and respected economy. But the structural problems as the high inflation, the dependence of the foreign capital and the external debt had been basic factors that had taken to the retardation and the magnitude of our development.