So when a deal between its members is either the transfer or purchase (sale) of securities in exchange for money or goods. Security – a form of existence of capital is different from the commodity, productive and cash, which can be transmitted instead of the capital, traded as a commodity, and to generate income. Hence it logically follows the concept of 'the stock market (SM)'. The securities market is divided into primary and secondary. Primary securities market – a market that is hosting the first issued securities. Its main participants are securities issuers and investors.
Secondary market – a market in which securities are already being resold. Now investors and issuers have replaced the speculators who have the purpose of obtaining profits in the form of foreign exchange. Shares – a type of securities. Investments in action – as in no one other securities – enables rapid enrichment. But the purchase of shares is often associated with risk. The notion of 'action' is closely related to the concept of 'stock market'. Classical Western definition stock market – stock market (English Stock market), division of the capital market; market trading in shares eligible to bid on any stock exchange. Another type of securities – bonds.
Bond – a security, brings a fixed income, which is defined in advance. In essence, a bond – a debt security. Thus, an investor buys a bond to any of the issuer (the company that produced this bond), it becomes a creditor. From this it follows that the issuing company at the end of the treatment of bonds issued to this investor agrees to pay the bond's face value plus a known or easily predictable income as a percentage of par value, which is called the coupon. Bonds are secured and unsecured – depending on the presence or absence of collateral for them. Futures (of Eng. future – the future of) the contract is called an agreement on the implementation of future agreements reached before the sale or purchase of a standard size of some of the underlying asset at a fixed at the time of agreement price. Called financial futures, based on specific financial instruments, such as short-and long-term treasury bills, deposits, currency and index numbers of stock exchanges. These tools are used to make a futures contract.