40) A liberal State has the thesis of the freedom and the individualism, being the active and passvel citizen to impose its values, desires and to long for growth in the way where it lives. For a democratic State if it defends the thesis of the igualitria democracy, with the imposition of that the society is seen as a whole, active agency and with formularization politics and economic igualitria. To have a formal democracy in Brazil is as to defend a forged Civil Constitution to a Liberal system that does not take care of the necessities of an equal society before the law. They are to be able economic politicians and formulated to take care of to an old ideal bourgeois, of whom they are the possessors of the partner-economic power in the country and that they are far from being the majority in the Capitalist system that needs the formal freedom and of the tyranny of that withholds the power.
To put its purpose was not in providing work and yes to submit them it forced or enslaved work perhaps did not accept them. The joined solution for this social contrast it was the creation of WORK HOUSE (House of the work), place where the beggars and vagabonds were taken and ranks to work between them (abandoned children, old and others). However the not condizia result with the waited one, that is the profitability was little, what it made with that the same ones were deliver for called people of contractors, which were explored without d. Still for other studious, alternative ' ' House of trabalho' ' he was white of contradictions, where some defended saying that although not to have profitability, the same one served to compel the people to accept work, already others defended that they thus served to regenerate the poor persons morally, to teach to crafts the children, and still others defended that the same ones were closed, therefore already had tasks enough pra who wanted, and as the domain of the industry was under the public power, the same it would have to select the apt ones to the work and the not apt examples of the old carriers of deficiency and deserved the assistance of the power public. Rights Social in the Working-class movement With working-class movement in its primrdios it appears carried through technological advances in the Supreme? Britain, in area agricultural in century XVIII, where the machines that were operated of artisan form had been substituted by most modern moved for hydraulical energy what it led to the great investment in the cities to receive all the industries, which therefore reduced the quantitative one of workers, generating unemployment, what it caused great social transformation and economy giving originates thus what today we know as Industrial Revolution. These effect had made with that it had a distanciamento of the worker of the property of the productive ways and precarizado the artisan work, since exactly they were not compatible with the maquinal production, compelling to the same ones to look for wage-earning work.
Tocantins, ' ' a case of polcia' ' Summary the Tocantins is the state new of the federacy, created with current constitution of 1988, was born with perspective of prosperity of then the region north of the state of Gois, that extremely was abandoned by the public administrations, doubtlessly the prosperity arrives at the state, but the problems brought for it are innumerable, at the moment to more afflict the population are the violence in all its sources, what already he was perceived of empirical form now presents if scientifically with the research of the PNUD, the violence were pointed as main concern of the population of Palms capital of the Tocantins. Words key: violence, research, public security. Abstract The Tocantins is the newest state of the federation, created with the current constitution of 1988, was born with the prospect of prosperity then the northern state of Gois, which was abandoned by the very public efforts undoubtedly prosperity reaches the state, but the problems brought will be it ploughs numerous, the most grief when the population is violence in all its aspects, which was already seen to only far has been scientifically empirical research with the UNDP, the violence was appointed the main concern of the population Palms capital of Tocantins. Keywords: violence, research, public safety. Introduction In 2009 the PNUD – Program of United Nations for the Development carried through a Brazil research Point the Point made the question ' ' What it needs to change in Brazil its life to move of really? ' ' , even so the indices of homicides are considered low in relation to other states of the federacy the Tocantins were in first place with regard to the subject violence, are the main concern of the population of the state youngest of the country. The coordinator of the RDH Brazil, Flvio Comim, affirmed.
The present work, of antropolgico approach, approaches the bimembranfonos ritual tambores used mainly in the row, a religion of the characteristic call model jje-nag of the State of the Rio Grande Do Sul, in the Brazilian extremity-south; secondarily, the tambores of xang of the Pernambuco and the drum-demina of the Maranho, both states northeast of Brazil, that use instruments of type the same. In the ends of the text I raise some questions ampler than they involve the drum, rhythmic music and the corporal one, projecting them, comparativily, on the deep cloth of of the vision of world of the row and the Christianity occidental person. To contextualizar the drum in the religious universe of the row, I delineate the traces marcantes of this religion and the main events where it is executed, the solemnities for deuses and deceased. Illustrating the importance that it possesss in this universe, story two episodes that I attended, where the drum occupied the center of the question. The data on the tambores river-grandenses had been gotten from field research that I developed, enter 1969 and 1989, next to many temples of row, in Porto Alegre, capital of the State.
During and after this period, still, I appeared the parties of row in Montevidu, Uruguay and Buenos Aires, in Argentina, for where priests and initiates had been taken by. The methodology understood, from a qualitative boarding, the use of interviews, histories of life and comments, beyond personal experiences, a sacred time that I reasonable learned to execute these instruments and cnticos that follow. I could observe tambores acting (as well as I could execute them), also, in rituals of the drum-of-mine, in So Lus, the maranhense capital, where I live, today, and in one of the places for which they migraram, everything indicates, from there: Belm, capital of Par. I observed them, in action, still, in ceremonies of xang, in Recife, pernambucana capital. E, finally, in Havana, Cuba, I could examine the model local of the instrument, to try its noise. Objectifying to contextualizar the localization and origins in these instruments in the Brazilian territory, I compose a historical briefing of the African slavery in Brazil, with emphasis in the Rio Grande Do Sul.