It can be affirmed that the learning happens for an inlaid natural process of affectivity, relation and motivation. Thus, to learn ' is essential; ' poder' ' to make it, what it make reference to reference to the capacities, the knowledge, strategies to the necessary dexterities, for this ' is necessary; ' querer' ' to make it, to have the enough disposal, intention and the motivation. To have good pertaining to school results the pupils need to place as much voluntariedade as ability, what he leads to the necessity to integrate the psychological aspects in such a way, as the motivacionais. The motivation is a process that if of the one in the interior of the citizen, being, however, closely on to the exchange relations that the same establish with the way, mainly, its professors and colleagues. In the pertaining to school situations, the interest is indispensable so that the pupil has reasons of action in the direction to assume itself of the knowledge. The motivation is a factor that must be questioned in the context of the education having great importance in the analysis of the educative process. The motivation is presented as the dynamic aspect of the action: it is what it takes the subject to one to act, that is, it takes what it to initiate an action, to guide it in function of certain objectives, to decide its persecution and its term. The motivation is, therefore, the process that mobilizes the organism for the action, from a relation established between the environment, the necessity and the object of satisfaction. This means that, in the base of the motivation, it is always an organism that presents a necessity, a desire, an intention, an interest, a will or a predisposition to act. The motivation is also enclosed the environment that stimulates the organism and that it offers the satisfaction object.
This when the unemployment did not happen, that at risk placed the survival of it and the family. In this context the fight between the masters and the employees, called of capitalists and proletariat was always present, respectively. The laborer of century XIX was not seen as somebody that he needed cares and therefore its health was not taken in consideration a time that it sufficiently was displayed to the adoecimento on account of the bad conditions of work. The important one in the case was to remain itself alive to be able to produce goods and services for the master, not mattering how much this cost to it. In this context the doctors with a position appear of prominence, when Pinel, Esquirol and others had created the Movement of ' ' Great Alienistas' ' that they were worried about ' ' desvios' ' attempted against to the social order. It also appears the Movement of Moral Sciences and Politics and the Movement Hygienist. All worried about ' ' health of trabalhador' ' , each one according to its rank of sight, or point of view of the production. While these movements had looked for to answer for the shunting lines which the laborers were submitted, being they through development of these movements, also with the research in psychiatry.
The laborers if organized in ' ' Movement of fight and development of a laboring ideology and revolucionria' ' (DJOURS, 1992). The organized laborers obtain conquests and alone they had come to appear specific social laws on the health of the worker in the end of century XIX. In the following century laborer was called of worker and, more not appearing then new labor activities, in the industry and had not only obtained working benefits, as: reduction of the hours of working, condizentes limit of minimum age to initiate in the work, wages with the exerted activities.