The Region Metropolitan

Metropolitan of $fortaleza belongs to the mesorregio and the microregion of $fortaleza. The city developed it the edges of the Paje stream, north-eastern of the country. Its toponymy is aluso to the Schoonenborch Fort, constructed for the dutches during its second permanence in the place between 1649 and 1654. The motto of the city (present in its blazon) is the Latin word in ' ' Fortitudine' ' , that in Portuguese it means: ' ' force, value, coragem' '. It is located in the Atlantic coast, with 34 beach km, to an average altitude of 21 meters and is center of a 313,8 city of km of area and 2 505 552 inhabitants, being the capital of bigger demographic density of the country, with 8 001 hab/km. It is the city most populous of the Cear, fifth of Brazil and 91 more populous of the world. The Region Metropolitan of $fortaleza possesss 3.655.259 inhabitants, being the fourth most populous one of Brazil, and the second northeast one. In recent study of the IBGE, $fortaleza it appears as metropolis of the third bigger urban net of Brazil in population.

The capital of the Cear is one of the looked tourist destinations more of Brazil, the city has received a number annual each bigger time from foreign tourists, especially of Italy, Portugal, U.S.A., Holland, France, Germany, Argentina, Spain, Handle Verde and England, according to Ministry of the Tourism and the FIPE (Economic Foundation Institute of Research) in research carried through in 2008. Such peculiarity happens of the force of the politics of incentive to the tourism, implanted at a first moment, with the PRODETUR (Program of Action for Development of the Tourism) north-eastern Brazilian, still in 1995 and extending itself up to 2005. The PRODETUR-NE was a program with regional dimension that prioritized the littoral spaces, and in the Cear it was concentrated in the RMF.

Southeastern Road

Such fact lead mainly to the fast expansion of the infrastructure of road transport in the decade of 70, when the Brazilian economy grew to one average annual tax of 8,6% (BRAZIL, MME, 1997). In result of this choice the road transport if detached amongst the other ways of transport (being able to cite the railroad worker, aerial, hidrovirio and dutovirio). The road dangerous load transport in Brazil has beginning in the decade of 70, had to the economic and industrial development, mainly in the Southeastern region (Statistical Yearbook of the Transports, GEIPOT, 1995/95). Until the end of the decade of 70, according to Pimentel (1999), almost all the governmental investments had been directed for the construction of highways. However, with the extinguishing of the Deep National Road, in 1988, it had a reduction significant in the investments in the road segment, also reduction of the costs in the maintenance of the ways. This politics generated serious problems in the economy of the country, raising the costs of the transport (PIMENTEL, 1999). During the government Juscelino Kubischeck, a great investment in construction of roads occurred, what it contributed for the urbanization throughout the stretches of the highways. In this period, it occurred an intensification of the economic and industrial activities, mainly of the chemical sector, generating the necessity of transport of these materials, using itself for this of diverse modal, however, was given priority for the modal road, exactly being this, susceptible the traffic accidents, which had its massificao.

GEIPOT? Integrated Executive group of Politics of Transport. MME? Ministry of Mines and Energy. Ademais, consequently, had a consuming of the highways, had the lack of adequate maintenance and some stretches had been in pssimas conditions of traffic, what it finished contributing for the occurrence of more frequent accidents each time. Of the displayed one previously, it results that Brazil still presents a modal distribution in the load transport excessively centered in the highways, decurrent of a process that if extended per some decades and where disproportionate growth fast of the segment road if compared with the set of the too much modalities predominated.

Ocean Air

Terminal of passengers with 5.400 m ; 2. Load terminal with 40.000 m ; 3. Tower of control; 4. Parking for 355 vehicles; 5. Snack bar; 6. Point of taxi.

Such installed infrastructure cannot be considered complete, a time that apparatuses of control of air traffic as radio beacon, pointer of slope, meteorological station of surface and permissionria station of aeronautical telecommunications not yet are available. Although the equipment already exists, they had not been installed, what it disables landings and takes-off> in normal situations Rio De Janeiro is carried through by four company (Tam, Goal, Varig and Ocean Air) and with availability of schedules and prices conducted for offer and look for, being established a relation of competition and dispute for passengers, kept the ratios of flow between Bauru and So Paulo and So Paulo and Rio De Janeiro, respectively. Already the International Airport Governing Frank Andres Montoro, Cumbica, in Guarulhos (SP), had flow of eighteen million users in 2007, what it motivated the Federal Government to initiate workmanships for construction of one third terminal capable to extend the capacity of absorption for twenty and nine million. In phase of projects they are a train of passengers that binds to the complex to the city of So Paulo and a road ring. With these activities, the area of the airport will be extended in 138.574> IBGE published research on the regions of influence of the cities, in which Bauru is classified as capital regional C, that is: Regional capital is 70 centers that, as the metropolises, also become related with the superior estrato of the urban net. With capacity of management in the immediately inferior level to the one of the metropolises, they have area of influence of regional scope, being related as destination, for a set of activities, for great number of cities. This level also has three subdivises: Regional capital (11 cities, with medium of 955 a thousand inhabitants and 487 relationships); Regional capital B (20 cities, with medium of 435 a thousand inhabitants and 406 relationships); Regional capital C (39 medium cities with of 250 a thousand inhabitants and 162 relationships).

The G7 And The BRICs: The Balance Of Being Able In The World In 2009

The minister of the Foreign affairs of Brazil, Celso Amorim, declared estasemana that the G7, that congregates old the all powerful ones of the world, died. obvio: the country of it, is not part of G 7 (United States, Japan, Germany, France, England, Italy and Canada), the group of countries that always decidiuquase everything in the world, that they are rich, developed and shaken for the crisis de2008. In this scene it gains force still more, as the other published articles already, the BRICs group (Brazil, Russia, India and China), that they are the picture regional grandespotncias, emergent, now of global status. However, antesde to regionalizar the world, is necessary to consider some facts. The G7 did not die, but it lost its identity, therefore its significant isolated meetings soto and always do not follow the visitors, the countries of the BRICspor example and some of Africa, to consolidate the aspect of ' ' solidariedade' ' of ' ' grandes' '.

Ahead of this, this such largeness is bigger in others temposquando emergent they were lesser However, losing the largeness, attending the economic retaken one of the BRICs and aindaem crisis, is difficult to lead the world. Optimum he is ' ' compartilhar' ' the power comos BRICs, that is with its economies more healthful and managed by one espciede interventionist capitalism. Now the BRICs had passed better for the crisis of the United States and is in momentocerto of reinvidicar the power that fits to them, for the simple not possuremnada fact of if compared with the G7: it is at this accurate moment of crisis of ' ' centro' ' , new queesta periphery, now deserving of the FMI, can be imposed considerably. The four countries that compose the BRICS will be the main powers of the world emdentro of some years and are natural that they now reinvidiquem a position of maiordestaque in the world of this, inside of agencies as Bird, FMI and ONU. Of certaforma, the BRICs occupies the emptiness of geopolitical leadership that the Friadeixou War. The geopolitical world of century XXI is to pluripolar, that is, it presents vriosplos of being able (economic geopolitical), being three great centers (queneste years are in crisis and compose G 7) formed by United States, regional (that they are emergent with great mercadosconsumidores, industrialized Europae Japan and four centers and substance cousin inside of the country or in its regiode influence), formed for Brazil, Russia, India and China.

This new regionalizao that if characterizes does not discard the power of the G7, apenaso diminishes, therefore the picture new regional powers will gain each time maisespao in the international scene, whereas the first group diminishes suapresena, for the fact still to possess today, much power on all the outrosdemais. Not yet it is the hour to commemorate a more democratic world just or. Estqsnovas powers is so imperialistas how much to the first ones. In this momentohistrico, as well as the end of the Cold War, something marks a rupture with something old new edesenha. The world if fascinates with the beauty of three BRICs, Brazil, China and India and continues, as in the times is graduated Geography, psgraduado in Education and titular professor of the course of Geography of the Superior Institute of Applied Sciences>

Brazilian Institute

The decree law isentava up to 1972 taxes on importation, taxes on industrialized products, customs taxes for the importation of boats of fishes, equipment, and also machines, devices, instruments and equipment of fish. It was operated manufacture of capital goods destined to the industry of fishes, approved for the subordinated agencies the commission of industrial Development of the ministry of the industry and commerce. Still in the year of 1967 the federal Senate approves the decree n. 60401e with it the program of Research and Development Fishing boat in Brazil (PDP), and also the commission of fishes. Great Deep contribution of the Special one is proven of United Nations (FAO) next to the national development of fishes. The Decree n. 85.394 create the Institute of Research and Development Fishing boat and include in its structure a Coordination of Extension, with the objective to give to assistance technique to the artisan fishing.

The service previously given by the PESCART is absorbed by the new agency. nine years later in 1989 is alborada the Law n. 7.735 create the Brazilian Institute of the Environment and of the Resources You renewed and extinguishes the Supervision of the Development of Pesca? SUDEPE, entailed autarchy to the Ministry of Agriculture. With the extinguishing of the SUDEPE in 1989 and the transference of its activities for the IBAMA, the relative works to the promotion had been suspended fishing boat, the collection of statistical data and the proper fishing production passed to be kept out of society and predatory in same function of the protectionistic philosophy of the new entity. It was said in protection of the supplies and the increase of the fleets not permissionadas was not controlled. They had been lost years for fishes Brazilian who perhaps if does not obtain to recoup, therefore we lose space in the international agreements for conservation of supplies and we had our space of busy right for countries that at least are coastal of the south Atlantic, but that today in them they impose restrictions based on concepts as historical captures, what them of the advantage on us, obtained in our proper sea.