In France or in Spain are often distinguish a romanticism of Catholic and national appearance of other more liberal and materialistic. In Germany or England a first romanticism of a second movement, differs more mature and less theoretical. Romanticism signified a change of taste of the era and the aesthetic theories of creation. Modern front of neoclassic, symbolized in the French and in imitation of the old models. Lessing attacks classical French theater, proposes to imitate Shakespeare and create a national drama. Herde defends the existence of a national spirit linked to the language whose development is the story of each country; the manifestation of that spirit in the creations of the people and the great poets, especially in the Christian middle ages. He says the nationalism and populism that Schiller merchant would charge in its theatre. In England revived interest by the mythology and Scandinavian medieval traditions or Celtic (Ossian) and cultivated a new sense to nature (Wordsworth and Coleridge).
Goethe, Werther, draws the evil of the century, and in his Faust, seeks a dream impossible immortality the romanticism starts of that subject which illustration claims against the man that Cartesian philosophy leaves in the hands of the Supreme being. The autonomy of the subject as the first achievement of enlightened thinking is fundamental to the romantic man’s conception of itself and in relation to nature. Diderot and Rousseau rehabilitated sensitivity, passion and love for nature. However, while the enlightened thinker can discover the value of the sensitivity, do it the Centre of human existence, while the romantic conceives for himself and in himself a soul that intensely experiencing the love of nature, which is consumed in their emotions and their pains, and basically always seeks itself in everything you do. Adds us, that romanticism meant a change of taste of the epoch and aesthetic theories of creation. Modern front of neoclassic, symbolized in the French and in imitation of the old models. is actively involved in the matter.