That was about as long as pressed, until the last was water out. The resulting sheet was then dried and treated with glue. After a drying again been smoothed the sheet and pressed by hand. The German Ulman Stromer met the paper mills in Italy. North of the Alps in Nuremberg, he built the first paper mill in Germany in the 14th century.
The cultural revolution, which was triggered by the Gutenbergischen printing press in the 15th century would have been impossible without these paper mills. The paper print was revolutionized by Johann Gutenberg’s invention and a book could be made much faster than through the individual potential of the leaves. The name paper came with the invention of paper machines. Because before all the paper that was produced was handmade paper. The name comes from the name of tub ‘, it was the tank from the crowd, which consisted mostly of hemp and linen, was drawn. On the four sides of the sheet was a fine edge, the so-called deckle edge. This is the characteristic feature of the handmade handmade papers.
In the middle of the 19th century, the term was Hand-made paper ‘ strong to differentiate this craft to the paper products of paper machines. So, there were almost 60 paper machines and 1,200 deckle for papermaking around 1840 in Germany. With industrialization, the number of paper machines has grown more and more and the number of paper went back more and more. The industrialization does not stop also in manufacture of handmade paper. Much has been simplified, but the basic idea of each blade manufacture has remained. At the beginning of the 19th century, the circular sieve machine was invented in England. Here, the pumping operation is carried out automatically. In the suction tub rotates a cylinder which is covered with a screen. This takes up the substance of the paper.